Madisyn Collins #20 2B/OF Ferris State

gp 5
avg .000
hr -
rbi 0
r 1
sb -
Recent Games
Apr 28 at Wayne State W, 9-8
Apr 28 at Wayne State W, 10-2
Apr 29 Purdue Northwest W, 9-8
Apr 29 Purdue Northwest L, 3-0
May 4 vs. Grand Valley State L, 6-4
May 4 vs. Purdue Northwest L, 7-2
Statistics category Overall Conf
Games 5 1
Plate appearances 5 1
At Bats 4 1
Runs 1 0
Hits 0 0
Doubles - -
Triples - -
Home Runs - -
Runs Batted In 0 0
Total bases 0 0
Walks 1 -
Hit by pitch - -
Strikeouts 1 -
Sacrifice Flies - -
Sacrifice Hits - -
Hit into double play 1 1
Stolen Bases - -
Caught Stealing - -
Batting Average .000 .000
On Base Percentage .200 .000
Slugging Percentage .000 .000
Appearances 0 0
Games started 0 0
Wins 0 0
Losses 0 0
Saves 0 0
Complete Games - -
Shutouts - -
Innings Pitched 0.0 0.0
Hits - -
Runs - -
Earned Runs - -
Walks - -
Strikeouts - -
Strikeouts per Game .00 .00
Doubles Allowed - -
Triples Allowed - -
Home Runs Allows - -
At Bats Against - -
Batting Average Against - -
Earned Run Average 0.00 0.00
Wild pitches - -
Hit Batters - -
Balks - -
Sacrifice Flies Allowed - -
Sacrifice Hits Allowed - -
Total Chances 1 1
Put Outs 0 0
Assists 1 1
Errors 0 0
Fielding Percentage 1.000 1.000
Double Plays - -
Stolen Bases Allowed - -
Runners Caught Stealing - -
Runners Caught Stealing Percentage - -
Passed Balls - -
Catcher's Interference - -
Date Opponent Score ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs
Feb 23 at Southern Indiana   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 23 vs. Bellarmine (Ky.)   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 vs. Indianapolis   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 vs. Missouri-St. Louis   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. Truman   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. McKendree   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. Bellarmine (Ky.) L, 8-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. Indianapolis L, 3-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 26 vs. Indianapolis L, 6-0 1 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Feb 26 vs. Southern Indiana L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 vs. LIU-Post   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 vs. Lewis (Ill.) L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 vs. Saint Rose W, 9-1 0 1 0 - - - 0 1 - - -
Mar 5 vs. Concordia-St. Paul (Minn.) L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 5 vs. Seton Hill (Pa.) W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 6 vs. St. Cloud State (Minn.) W, 8-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 6 vs. Lewis (Ill.) L, 9-1 1 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 8 vs. Saint Anselm L, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 8 vs. NYIT W, 10-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Ursuline W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Merrimack L, 7-0 1 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 10 vs. Ill.-Springfield L, 12-11 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. Queens (N.Y.) W, 1-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Grand Valley State L, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Grand Valley State L, 2-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 at Purdue Northwest L, 14-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 at Purdue Northwest L, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 at Davenport L, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 at Davenport W, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Northwood L, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Northwood L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 31 at Saginaw Valley State L, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 31 at Saginaw Valley State L, 8-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 8 at Tiffin L, 8-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 8 at Tiffin W, 8-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 Davenport L, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 Davenport L, 8-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 14 Grand Valley State   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 14 Grand Valley State   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 17 vs. Ashland L, 10-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 17 vs. Ashland L, 13-0 1 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 18 at Northwood   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Northwood   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Wayne State W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Wayne State W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 21 Saginaw Valley State W, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 21 Saginaw Valley State W, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Tiffin W, 5-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Tiffin W, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 25 at Northwood L, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 25 at Northwood L, 12-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Ashland L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Ashland L, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Wayne State W, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Wayne State W, 10-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 Purdue Northwest W, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 Purdue Northwest L, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Grand Valley State L, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Purdue Northwest L, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Feb 23 at Southern Indiana   - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 23 vs. Bellarmine (Ky.)   - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 vs. Indianapolis   - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 vs. Missouri-St. Louis   - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. Truman   - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. McKendree   - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. Bellarmine (Ky.) L, 8-7 - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. Indianapolis L, 3-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 26 vs. Indianapolis L, 6-0 - - - 0 0 - 1 - - 1
Feb 26 vs. Southern Indiana L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 vs. LIU-Post   - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 vs. Lewis (Ill.) L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 vs. Saint Rose W, 9-1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 1
Mar 5 vs. Concordia-St. Paul (Minn.) L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 5 vs. Seton Hill (Pa.) W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 6 vs. St. Cloud State (Minn.) W, 8-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 6 vs. Lewis (Ill.) L, 9-1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 1
Mar 8 vs. Saint Anselm L, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 8 vs. NYIT W, 10-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Ursuline W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Merrimack L, 7-0 - - - 0 0 - - 1 - 1
Mar 10 vs. Ill.-Springfield L, 12-11 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. Queens (N.Y.) W, 1-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Grand Valley State L, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Grand Valley State L, 2-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 at Purdue Northwest L, 14-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 at Purdue Northwest L, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 at Davenport L, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 at Davenport W, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Northwood L, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Northwood L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 31 at Saginaw Valley State L, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 31 at Saginaw Valley State L, 8-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 8 at Tiffin L, 8-7 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 8 at Tiffin W, 8-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 Davenport L, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 Davenport L, 8-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 14 Grand Valley State   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 14 Grand Valley State   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 17 vs. Ashland L, 10-7 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 17 vs. Ashland L, 13-0 - - - 0 0 1 1 - - 1
Apr 18 at Northwood   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Northwood   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Wayne State W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Wayne State W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 21 Saginaw Valley State W, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 21 Saginaw Valley State W, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Tiffin W, 5-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Tiffin W, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 25 at Northwood L, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 25 at Northwood L, 12-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Ashland L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Ashland L, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Wayne State W, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Wayne State W, 10-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 Purdue Northwest W, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 Purdue Northwest L, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Grand Valley State L, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Purdue Northwest L, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score gs w l sv ip h r er era bb k hr
Feb 23 at Southern Indiana   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 23 vs. Bellarmine (Ky.)   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 vs. Indianapolis   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 vs. Missouri-St. Louis   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. Truman   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. McKendree   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. Bellarmine (Ky.) L, 8-7 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. Indianapolis L, 3-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 26 vs. Indianapolis L, 6-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 26 vs. Southern Indiana L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 vs. LIU-Post   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 vs. Lewis (Ill.) L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 vs. Saint Rose W, 9-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 5 vs. Concordia-St. Paul (Minn.) L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 5 vs. Seton Hill (Pa.) W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 6 vs. St. Cloud State (Minn.) W, 8-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 6 vs. Lewis (Ill.) L, 9-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 8 vs. Saint Anselm L, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 8 vs. NYIT W, 10-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Ursuline W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Merrimack L, 7-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 10 vs. Ill.-Springfield L, 12-11 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. Queens (N.Y.) W, 1-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Grand Valley State L, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Grand Valley State L, 2-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 at Purdue Northwest L, 14-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 at Purdue Northwest L, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 at Davenport L, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 at Davenport W, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Northwood L, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Northwood L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 31 at Saginaw Valley State L, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 31 at Saginaw Valley State L, 8-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 8 at Tiffin L, 8-7 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 8 at Tiffin W, 8-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 Davenport L, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 Davenport L, 8-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 14 Grand Valley State   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 14 Grand Valley State   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 17 vs. Ashland L, 10-7 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 17 vs. Ashland L, 13-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 18 at Northwood   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Northwood   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Wayne State W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Wayne State W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 21 Saginaw Valley State W, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 21 Saginaw Valley State W, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Tiffin W, 5-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Tiffin W, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 25 at Northwood L, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 25 at Northwood L, 12-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Ashland L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Ashland L, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Wayne State W, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Wayne State W, 10-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 Purdue Northwest W, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 Purdue Northwest L, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Grand Valley State L, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Purdue Northwest L, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Feb 23 at Southern Indiana   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 23 vs. Bellarmine (Ky.)   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 vs. Indianapolis   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 vs. Missouri-St. Louis   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. Truman   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. McKendree   - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. Bellarmine (Ky.) L, 8-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 25 vs. Indianapolis L, 3-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 26 vs. Indianapolis L, 6-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 26 vs. Southern Indiana L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 vs. LIU-Post   - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 vs. Lewis (Ill.) L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 4 vs. Saint Rose W, 9-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 5 vs. Concordia-St. Paul (Minn.) L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 5 vs. Seton Hill (Pa.) W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 6 vs. St. Cloud State (Minn.) W, 8-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 6 vs. Lewis (Ill.) L, 9-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 8 vs. Saint Anselm L, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 8 vs. NYIT W, 10-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Ursuline W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Merrimack L, 7-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. Ill.-Springfield L, 12-11 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. Queens (N.Y.) W, 1-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Grand Valley State L, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 18 at Grand Valley State L, 2-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 at Purdue Northwest L, 14-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 at Purdue Northwest L, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 at Davenport L, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 25 at Davenport W, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Northwood L, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Northwood L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 31 at Saginaw Valley State L, 7-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 31 at Saginaw Valley State L, 8-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 8 at Tiffin L, 8-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 8 at Tiffin W, 8-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 Davenport L, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 Davenport L, 8-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 14 Grand Valley State   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 14 Grand Valley State   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 17 vs. Ashland L, 10-7 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 17 vs. Ashland L, 13-0 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Northwood   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Northwood   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Wayne State W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Wayne State W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 21 Saginaw Valley State W, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 21 Saginaw Valley State W, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Tiffin W, 5-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 23 Tiffin W, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 25 at Northwood L, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 25 at Northwood L, 12-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Ashland L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Ashland L, 8-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Wayne State W, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Wayne State W, 10-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 Purdue Northwest W, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 29 Purdue Northwest L, 3-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Grand Valley State L, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Purdue Northwest L, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
2017-18 5 4 1 0 - - - 0 1 1 - - .000 .200 .000
Total 5 4 1 0 - - - 0 1 1 - - .000 .200 .000
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
2017-18 5 - - - 0 0 1 2 1 2.00 5
Total 5 - - - 0 0 1 2 1 2.00 5
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/7 hr era
2017-18 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Total 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
2017-18 5 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Total 5 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total 5 4 1 0 - - - 0 1 1 - - .000 .200 .000
Conference 1 1 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - .000 .000 .000
Exhibition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Away - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Neutral 5 4 1 0 - - - 0 1 1 - - .000 .200 .000
 
-
Wins 1 0 1 0 - - - 0 1 - - - - 1.000 -
Losses 4 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - - .000 .000 .000
 
-
February 1 1 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - .000 .000 .000
March 3 2 1 0 - - - 0 1 1 - - .000 .333 .000
April 1 1 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - .000 .000 .000
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Total 5 - - - 0 0 1 2 1 2.00 5
Conference 1 - - - 0 0 1 1 - - 1
Exhibition - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
Home - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Away - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Neutral 5 - - - 0 0 1 2 1 2.00 5
 
-
Wins 1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 1
Losses 4 - - - 0 0 1 2 1 2.00 4
 
-
February 1 - - - 0 0 - 1 - - 1
March 3 - - - 0 0 - - 1 - 3
April 1 - - - 0 0 1 1 - - 1
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/7 hr era
Total 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Conference 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Exhibition - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Home - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Away - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Neutral 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Wins 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Losses 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
February 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
March 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
April 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total 5 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Conference 1 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Exhibition - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
Away - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
Neutral 5 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
 
-
Wins 1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Losses 4 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
 
-
February 1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
March 3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
April 1 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -